Tuesday, July 9, 2019

Syllable Division Rules

Hi everyone! I've written before about syllable division, but I've mainly focused on the first three rules with open and closed syllables. I made some new visuals to go with the step by step posters, so I figured it was a good time for another post. 

What is syllable division? 
Syllable division rules show us how to break up a multi-syllable word into its syllable parts. There are six main syllable division rules to guide us.

How is it done?
  • It all starts with the vowels. Find the vowels in the word. It helps to underline or highlight them.
  • Find the patten of the consonants and vowels (VCV, VCCV, VCCCV, VCCCCV, C+le, VV).
  • Use the syllable division rule (shown below) to divide the word into its syllable parts. 
Why Should we Teach Syllable Division?
Learning the rules of syllable division provides our students with an effective strategy for chunking up those bigger words into more manageable parts. I see it as another "tool" for their "tool belt" that leads to more accuracy while reading. Understanding syllable division also helps students to determine what the vowel sound will be. As I learn more, I see this works best when incorporated with morphology (think prefixes, suffixes, and roots). When I first learned syllable division, I only learned syllable division without the consideration of morphemes (which are the smallest units of meaning in our language). I now teach my students to look for familiar prefixes, suffixes, and even roots (for older kids) first. If there aren't any, then begin syllable division. To get to that point though, we need to teach them those syllable division rules and give them enough practice with them so that it becomes more automatic. All the while, I'm teaching new prefixes and suffixes to them so those can also become more familiar.  I think the two actually go together well. But I digress! Back to syllable division! The first thing to know is that every syllable must have a written vowel. The very definition of a syllable is an uninterrupted unit of speech with one vowel sound.

Here are the rules on one page:

Here is a picture from my classroom:

The following slides show the main syllable division rules.  I am only going into two-syllable words for now. 

The first thing to know is that it's all about vowels! 
  • Every syllable needs a vowel, so we can determine (usually) how many syllables there are based on the number of vowels.  
    • Vowel teams and diphthongs count as one syllable even if there are two vowels because they work together to make one sound. 
    • Same with silent e. The e doesn't make a sound so it doesn't get it's own syllable. 
      • The exception of course is the syllable type consonant -le. This syllable is found in words like little, bubble, table. You cannot hear the e, but it does get its own syllable. It buddies with the l before it and the consonant before the l. More about that later, though!

Rule #1: Two consonants between the vowels: VCCV Pattern
The first syllable division rule is called VC/VC, which stands for vowel-consonant-consonant-vowel. Train your students to find the vowels in the word. They are our starting point. In words with the VCCV pattern, there are two consonants between the two vowels. Usually, we split between those consonants.   

See the step by step directions with blue and yellow letters below. (Before teaching this, you should teach your students about open and closed syllables.  For the word basket,  split between the s and k.  The first syllable is bas and the second syllable is ket. Each syllable has a vowel.  

Of course there are always exceptions. One exception is when there are R or L blends, like in the word secret. We keep R and L blends together, so instead of splitting between those consonants, we keep them together and move them to the second syllable. We also keep digraphs and units together.  Never split those!

Rule #2 & 3: One consonant between the vowels: VCV Pattern There are two options here! 

More commonly, you would split the before that consonant. This leaves your first syllable open, so the vowel would be long. In the word silent, the letter l is the middle consonant. We move that to be with the 2nd syllable: si-lent.

Sometimes though, we do the opposite. Sometimes, we split after the consonant. In this case, we close that first syllable, leaving that vowel short. In the word robin, the middle consonant b moves with the 1st syllable making rob-in. 

Rule #4: Three consonants between the vowels.

In this case, usually we split after the first consonant. See below that there are the usual exceptions. We never split digraphs and blends. Also, a word this big can often be a compound word. Instead, you would split between the two words. 

Rule #5: Four consonants between the vowels. 

This is super similar to the last one. Split after the first consonant, unless it is a compound word. There are not as many of these words, and honestly when you're getting into words this book, I tend to shift my focus to morphology.

Rule #6: Consonant -le:

 On paper, I've always had this as #6, but I actually found myself teaching this one after #3 because it came up and it includes SO many rules. A great and common example is the word little.  Following this rule, we see the -le at the end and count one back to make lit-tle. Consonant +le in this word is t+le. This is the syllable type where there is no vowel sound. You only hear the consonant and the /l/. 

Rule #7: V/V is when there are two vowels next to each other, but they are not vowel teams or diphthongs. They do not share a sound. I think this is the hardest for my students to decode usually.

That first vowel is always long and that second one usually sounds like a schwa.

I've already mentioned this a few times as an exception to the other rules, but it's really a rule all on its own. If the word is a compound words, don't worry about the other rules, just split between those two words.

I almost put this one first because it's so important, but I didn't want to confuse. Instead It is super helpful for students to get in the habit of always looking for prefixes and suffixes. This starts in kindergarten with the suffix -s! I teach my students to always "chunk out" the prefixes and suffixes and to focus on the base word first. This requires direct instruction with all the different prefixes and suffixes. In first grade, they commonly will see -s, -es, -ing, -ed, -er, -est, re and un. 2nd graders regularly see -ly, -ment, -ful, -less, -able, pre-, dis-, mis-, and so many more! In some cases, suffixes like -ed don't necessarily make a new syllable (jumped, camped, etc), while in others (rented, busted) it does make another syllable. But that's even more reason to teach them about prefixes and suffixes! Our students will cover the -ed in jumped, then see only one vowel and one syllable. After reading jump, they will then uncover -ed and decide how to pronounce it "jumpt, jump-ed, or jumpd". You can learn more about this HERE.  

3 Syllable Words: When dividing a word with more than two syllables, first check for affixes (prefixes and suffixes). Then start at the left with the first two vowels, divide those syllables, then move to the right. 

If you're interested in just these syllable division posters and some practice pages with all syllable types, you can find them HERE.  The practice  pages come in two formats: tabbed notebook (shown below) and also regular full-page worksheets. 

Here is a sneak peak of a few of the practice pages.

And because I'm so indecisive and have created and recreated so many posters over the years, I included all sets of visuals shown in this post. You can just choose your favorite and print!

However, if you already own my Syllable Division with Open and Closed Syllables, I also added these posters to that pack! You can find that HERE

(If you're wondering what the difference is, this pack above has a lot more practice pages, but just focuses on open and closed syllables because it is part of my systematic units and has detailed lesson plans. The new, smaller pack above that has just the posters and 40 practice pages for all syllable division rules. It includes open and closed syllables then has another section with all the other syllable types. It is not part of the systematic units and does not have the detailed lesson plans.)

Here are a couple of syllable activities that I've done:

For these two, I put the first syllable in one color and the 2nd on another color. Students read the syllables and matched them to make real words. 

This next activity was a review activity after learning all syllable types. I wrote words on note cards. I gave each student one at a time. They read the card to the group and then together we determined which pattern it followed. (Students would copy the word on their white board first and do the syllable division individually.) We sorted them into the correct column. The next day I used colored transparencies to chunk a certain syllable. For each word, I would ask for the first or second syllable.  Students would say the syllable and then we would highlight that part.  

What are Syllable Types?
This post is all about the syllable division rules. But you also will want to know the syllable types. As I mentioned above, I have a pack that focuses on syllable division with only open and closed syllables, which are two of the 7 syllable typesWant to read about the other syllable types? Click HERE to read more about syllable types.


  1. Woah, I must say I'm impressed. This is not a common blog post, but a functional resume for administrative assistant and it's amazing! You should trey yourself in such field of management work, you're incredibly gifted in this field.

  2. SSC CGL Tier 2 admit card 2018-19 will be available here. After successful completion of tier 1, aspirants are waiting for the declaration of result of tier 1 and Admit card for SSC CGL tier 2 examination.

  3. Replies
    1. how can we understand this? The blog is in English . presumably you read it in English so why write this?

  4. Wonderful site, thank you so much for sharing . Really helpful.

  5. Send gifts to Pakistan , Send Corporate gifts , Send gifts Under $10 ,
    If you are looking for gift delivery in Pakistan? We warmly welcome you to https://www.thewoodvalue.com/ Because we offer you one of the best wooden handmade art & craft decor items to send gifts Pakistan. A variety of Pakistan handicrafts, home decor, office decor, kitchen decor and wall decor are available at our online store. We offer online gift shopping in Pakistan with free delivery. The Wood Value is great way to send wooden handmade gifts as corporate gifts.


  6. House cleaning company in Hail represents the best and ideal solution for specialized and distinctive cleaning of all pieces of furniture and house rooms no matter the number of floors of the house and the number of rooms, where we work through a team trained on modern methods of cleaning using the latest steam cleaning machines that give outstanding results in cleaning sofas, boards, carpets and rugs It is also used to clean curtains and furnishings.Ceramic floors, chimneys and hoods are cleaned from hard fat stains and rust stains safely and completely.We also provide marble polishing services by providing the latest Italian marble polishing machines with the best types of detergents Its excellent cleaning and disinfecting houses cleaning company examples in Hail is the best choice and cheaper.
    شركة تنظيف بحائل
    شركة تنظيف فرش بحائل
    شركة تنظيف مجالس بحائل
    شركة تنظيف سجاد بحائل
    شركة تنظيف منازل بحائل
    شركة رش مبيدات بحائل


  7. Welcome to the official website of our company to clean apartments, houses, villas and shops in Saudi Arabia This is because we are the best home services company at the moment and by the testimony of our valued customers, the workers who work in the company have a very high experience in the field of cleaning in general, as well as we will give you cleanliness of the highest quality and the lowest prices with the testimony of customers, our goal is to satisfy our customers to the highest degree possible and thanks to God always First of all, thanks to the workers and technicians, we were able to satisfy all the customers who contracted with the company and contacted them, because we specialize in cleaning, sewerage and transport of luggage just contact us and you will notice that your house as if it is completely new from the intensity of cleanliness.
    شركة الصفرات للتنظيف بالرياض
    شركة الصفرات لتنظيف الخزانات بالرياض
    شركة الصفرات لمكافحة الحشرات بالرياض
    شركة الصفرات لنقل الاثاث بالرياض
    شركة الصفرات لكشف التسربات بالرياض
    شركة تنظيف بالمدينة المنورة
    شركة تنظيف بينبع


  8. considered as شركة نقل عفش بالمدينة المنورة The company has a fleet of vehicles equipped to transport the baggage to any area inside or outside Saudi Arabia, at the lowest possible cost, without any losses at all, where the employment When you contact us, our representative will contact you wherever you are, to inspect your existing furniture, determine the appropriate transportation method and the number of workers required to do so, agree on the appropriate time for the customer to transport, and determine the method of payment. Pric you, all you have is the contact numbers شركة نقل اثاث بالمدينة المنورة We pray wherever you are
    To visit the site
    خدمات نقل عفش واثاث


  9. The task of moving a catcher needs to rely on شركة نقل عفش بالمدينة المنورة It is specialized and has a long history in this field, helping it to carry out the task of transporting the baggage without causing any problems. Among the precautions taken by the company during transport of the luggage are the following: High-quality packaging materials to ensure that no problems are encountered during transport, the luggage is loaded into the car very carefully so as not to be subject to any problems during transportation. The luggage is re-connected to the place where it is transported and the packaging that is placed on the pallet is removed. During transportation. , All the transferred items are written to make sure that there is no defect in the piece, therefore you will ensure the transfer of the baggage without being exposed to any problems during transportation, شركة نقل اثاث بالمدينة المنورة .
    Is characterized by شركة تنظيف بالمدينة المنورة With the experience and efficiency in the task of cleaning, as it uses the best equipment and the latest in addition to many aspects that focus on them to ensure that the cleaning is done to the fullest, and the most important things that you find in the fast service company and nowhere else find the following: It depends on the best detergents that can eliminate stains and smears, follow a certain system in the cleaning task; for this reason it ensures that it reaches the best results, depends on the latest methods such as steam cleaning method which proved its efficiency in the cleaning work, During which to eliminate all germs and The bacteria that are present in the place and maintain the health of the present, possess the best specialized perfumes that you can only find شركة نظافة بالمدينة المنورة.
    that شركة تخزين اثاث بالمدينة المنورة It can store any quantity of furniture even if it is huge. This is because the company owns large warehouses divided into many sections. It packs and puts furniture in cars and is transported to the stores equipped with the highest level and has the latest means of monitoring. شركة تخزين عفش بالمدينة المنورة You will get satisfactory results without having to pay a lot of money in return
    Be aware شركة تنظيف بينبع Cleaning works require the latest equipment for cleaning and the best detergents. This is what it provides to its customers. Therefore, it ensures the results. The company can clean any place, Will t D have شركة نظافة بينبع Discounts and offers can not be found elsewhere
    The task of moving furniture from one place to another can not be done by anything, but it must rely on a specialized company such as شركة نقل اثاث بينبع ، As it will provide you with assurance that the furniture transfer works will be done well and will not be exposed any piece of the pieces to any problems during the transfer of furniture. In addition, it will carry out a comprehensive inspection of all parts before and before the transfer. The best packaging tools are used in this task. you only have to communicate with شركة نقل عفش بينبع .
    Visit our website
    خدمات تنظيف


  10. شركة تنظيف بالمدينة المنورة Is one of the best companies currently located in Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia. Since the company started its activities more than twenty years ago, it has endeavored to develop all its services and made sure to provide the best service at the highest level of quality in cleaning and disinfection at the lowest prices possible. The company believes that the company's employment is a mirror that reflects the efficiency of the company that boasts of it. The worker must be confident and credible to provide the customer with everything he can provide. JAL cleaning and sterilization found in شركة تنظيف منازل بالمدينة المنورة .
    شركة نقل اثاث بالمدينة المنورة Providing customers with transportation services of furniture and furniture and storage of furniture using the latest methods and methods and modern techniques and trained workers and freight cars specially equipped to transport furniture and clothes to anywhere inside or outside Medina, customers often need a city to transfer furniture to move furniture from their offices or homes Or their companies to new places but are afraid of their loss of damage or loss, but our company guarantees its customers to complete the transfer process safely and safely without being exposed to any piece of fracture or loss as the company provides a service to lift and download furniture using a hydraulic winch The only available within شركة نقل عفش بالمدينة المنورة .
    شركة تنظيف بينبع The company's services include all kinds of services needed by customers such as house cleaning services, apartments, cleaning services for ground and upper water tanks, cleaning of palaces and cleaning services for hotels, residential complexes, mosques, parks, facilities and others. Types of Services The main governmental and private bodies cooperated with the cleaning company in Yanbu. Our company has provided them with the most complete image that has impressed them and increased their confidence in the skill and efficiency of our company and its employees. P safe and effective when providing various cleaning services such detergents, but inside there is no شركة تنظيف منازل بينبع .
    شركة نقل اثاث بينبع Is one of the largest furniture transport companies in the city of Yanbu, which is known for providing services at the highest level and the company always offers offers and discounts and wonderful offers on the cost of services and this is what surprises customers and make them always put them the only choice for them, we have a professional team of carpenters who oversee the distinguished operations Dismantling and installing furniture and repair and maintenance of any fractures, as the company has workers polishing furniture and wooden furniture with effective polishes to remove the dirt from the layers of paint and make the furniture bright shiny like new, after the completion of cleaning the workers of evil Of furniture with materials encapsulates the strength and durability to protect the furniture from the external shocks or natural factors such materials are available only from within شركة نقل عفش بينبع
    Visit our website


  11. شركة تنظيف فلل بالرياض Perfect cleaning and cleaning of the villa's rooms and the use of a vacuum cleaner to remove dust and soil.شركة تنظيف بالرياض The beauty and cleanliness of the place gives the use of steam cleaning machines that remove stains accurately and quickly and are used to clean canes and boards.
    شركة تنظيف بالخرج Carpets, carpets and ceramics. If you are unable to execute these tips from شركة تنظيف منازل بالخرج .
    شركة مكافحة الحمام بالرياض We provide you with a range of tips that prevent the nesting of the bathroom on the surface of your home you clean the surface and balconies from the remnants of the grain and clean it from waste and used furniture
    شركة تنظيف منازل بالمدينة المنورة We have the ability to make your home an oasis of cleanliness and beauty. We have a dedicated team to clean every part of your home, but we are keen to provide important tips to keep your house clean for as long as possible. شركة تنظيف بالمدينة المنورة Use a vacuum cleaner to get rid of accumulated dust on a daily basis. Cleaning the glass home facades provides a perfect look for the home Provide you with a great service in cleaning your house if you can not do this hard work and effort شركة نقل عفش بالمدينة المنورة .
    شركة تنظيف بينبع Provide you with a distinctive service in all types of private cleaning Carpet carpet cleaning using the steam cleaning machine makes it clean and fully sterile.
    شركة نقل اثاث بينبع It is an ideal choice to carry out your home furniture without any effort or hardship. But if you want to do it yourself, arrange the clothing bags for your family so that you can remove the tires and wooden rooms easily. Transportation. Many things you can do .
    شركة تنظيف منازل بمكة It is the best choice for you to clean the perfect parts of your home - Carpet cleaning and carpeting the best types of steam cleaning machines or sent to Cleaning and cleaning of beds and boards and putting mattresses on them to prevent the accumulation of dust and stains on them You must use high quality detergents to ensure high quality cleaning of all the items and parts of your home You need a daily cleaning of the kitchen and bathrooms to give a recovery and confidence in the cleanliness of the whole house شركة تنظيف خزانات بمكة Able to clean your home without bothering you or get tired at great cheap prices.
    Visit our website

  12. Very impressivevand informative

  13. Very impressivevand informative