Sunday, May 15, 2016

Teaching Two Syllable Words

I love teaching two syllable words! It's always exciting when I get to that point in the year where they are ready to take that next step with reading and spelling. At the same time, it can also be a challenge for our struggling readers. I want to start this post by talking about some common errors I see when my students are starting to read and spell two-syllable words. 

How to split 2-syllable words 
These next slides are to get you started. There are so many more phonics rules for multi-syllable rules, but these will get you started for open and closed syllables.

Teaching Ideas for the WHOLE Class
Here are some ideas for how to teach this to your whole class. (The activities after this will show mainly how to teach and reinforce small group or one-on-one.)

First model several times, then start calling up kids to the board to help. To keep the rest of the class involved, use hand and body motions. As your helper is splitting the word, ask the class, "Do you think the first syllable should be open and closed?" Have them use these motions SILENTLY to answer. After it has been split, ask what vowel sounds the first syllable is. Have them silently use motions (short vowel is just a swoop of the finger showing the short vowel symbol which sort of looks like a U.)

This next activity is always a fun one. To get the rest of the  class involved, they could be writing the word and splitting it using their own white board or in a notebook.

Mix and match two-syllables to make words. To make this a whole class activity, place magnetic dots on the back of your index cards. Place the 1st syllable on one side of your magnetic whiteboard and the 2nd syllable on the other side. Sound out all syllables. Have students come up and match two syllables. After they read them as a word, determine if it makes a real word. (This activity would also be good for those who are having a hard time blending the two syllables together.)

I hope these tips help and get you started with teaching two-syllable words. :)

Teaching Ideas for Small Groups and RTI

I've created a pack of activities specifically designed to give students tons of practice reading and spelling open and closed syllables.

(This pack focuses on open and closed syllables- not all 7 syllable types.) This is geared toward struggling readers, but it would benefit all students. Sometimes students don't have problems reading multi-syllable words, but they do have issues spelling them. It will provide your students with a  great foundation to reading multi-syllable words. :)

To begin, use these letter tiles to introduce the concept of open and closed syllables. There is also a visual for each, explaining what happens to a vowel with open and closed syllables. You do not have to buy this pack to use this in small groups! Simply print letters on colored paper and laminate. 

Step 1: Build Syllables to introduce open and closed syllables: In this photo, you can see an open syllable (on the left) and a closed syllable (on the right.) These do not need to be words. They are syllables. Quo is not a word, but it is the first syllable in quotation quota. After building this, teach students that the o says it's name because it is not closed in by a consonant. This makes it an open syllable. In the example on the right, the vowel is closed in by the consonant t so it cannot say its name. Instead it says its short sound.  Do several examples where you build the syllable for your group and the determine if it is open or closed. Discuss why each is open or closed and what sound the vowel says. Then, you can say a syllable and have your students build it on their individual "boards." 

There are a few more activities to help kids distinguish between an open and closed syllable.  


The next two activities give kids practice reading open syllables, then closing them with a consonant, changing the vowel from long to short.


Step 2: Build Words to Practice splitting up words by syllable
On the next page, you can build two-syllable words. Teach students how to break up the word into its two syllables. In this word, we want the a to be a short vowel, so it must be closed by that s. After reading the word and teaching students how to break it up (two consonants between vowels are split apart) then put the tiles back and have the student write the 1st syllable and the 2nd syllable.  See the syllable splitting rules above to learn more. 

Now it's time to practice reading two-syllable words! These activities give plenty of practice chunking each syllable. This is always the hard part. Kids often want to blend beginning and ending sounds, leaving out a few of the middle sounds. picnic=pinic, dentist=denst, etc. Many of our students need to trained to break the word up. 

To do the activity below, you must teach the rules for splitting open and closed syllables. First, find your vowels. Count the consonants between the vowels. If there are two consonants, you split between the consonant. Exceptions: Keep digraphs together and blends with l or r stay together (example: reflex= re-flex. The f and l stay together instead of being separated so the e is open and says its name.)

Reading and spelling should go hand and hand. Your students should be practicing that spelling component just as much. As I mentioned above, teach them to clap or tap out the syllables first. Focus on each syllable separately. Say the word more than once! After writing the first syllable, train your students to say the whole word again, clap it out again, then say the 2nd syllable and stretch it out to hear all the individual phonemes.  

Finally, when you feel like your students are ready, provide them with some practice in the context of a sentence and a short story. 

Click here to get this pack of activities!

Important Note: If you are a reading specialist or tutoring someone one-on-one and you suspect dyslexia may be involved, please visit Susan Barton's or another Orton-Gillingham sight. Using an approved and research-based program is BEST! These are all activities meant to supplement, but having the real thing is the most beneficial for students with dyslexia. They need systematic, sequential phonics activities with a clear scope and sequence. This pack is not meant to replace those research-based programs for our dyslexic students. :) I just found myself creating these activities for the past two years because I wanted to provide more practice opportunities for my students. The repetition seemed to help, kids were engaged, and I've found success with these supplemental activities. I hope you do too. :)

Monday, March 28, 2016

Teaching the CK rule

One of the hardest spelling rules for my firsties is when to use ck and when to use k. Confession: I spent many years teaching not actually teaching the rule. I had spelling words and spelling tests and word sorts. But I didn't teach when to use ck and when to use k. Finally I was introduced to the Orton-Gillingham approach to spelling and reading for struggling readers. Game changer. I love love love teaching phonics rules that actually make sense of our super confusing language. This is one of my favorite rules to teach now because now my kids know how and when to use ck. Many of the students I work with need extra practice and then some more extra practice. I want to give them plenty of opportunities to practice this skill in a way that doesn't feel repetitive. We definitely want repetition but I don't want the kids to see it that way! 

As always, I start by modeling. I make words using these tiles.  I teach the rule (use ck after short vowels) and then build a bunch of words with ck, pausing to explain why it's ck and not k. 

Then we move on to letting the students try. I build words like seen above and they choose which one works. 

Here is another activity to practice.  I fold the cards so you can only see the picture. We say the word, then stretch the word. Right before we get to the last sound (always /k/) we pay extra attention to that previous sound. That will help us determine which side it goes on (k or ck.) Then we reveal by unfolding.

Some basic word cards always come in handy. They can be flash cards, sorting cards, cards to match with pictures, etc.

I provided a stack of picture cards to use in several ways: match with word, use for spelling activities (say it, count the phonemes, spell the word,) sorting, etc...

I love using onset and rime cards for every phonics skill! These cards can turn in to a bunch of games. You can mix and match like this. Kids randomly mix blues and yellows and see how many real words they make. You can use one blue and 5-6 yellows and see how fast you can read all the different words. 

You can turn it into a game of memory. 

I made this earlier in the year for some of my students. I found that I needed/wanted several pages to choose from. I have these books ready to go so I can use them as I need them. You could also use them as independent practice once students know how to use these. (I would not use them as independent practice right off the bat. Make sure kids know how to use these packs first and perhaps practice with them first and then follow-up with some independent practice.) These were created to be a guided practice pack first and foremost. :)

Click on the picture below to see a 6 second video. 

Click on the picture below to watch a 13 second video to see how this works. 

Watch this short video to see how to use the page above right.  Click on the photo below to watch.

Use the circles as "sound boxes." Then write sentences using that word.